Although previous policies on ocean dumping took an “out of sight- out of mind” approach, it is now known that accumulation of waste in the ocean is detrimental to marine and human health. Another serious effect of ocean dumping is eutrophication. This is a biological process where dissolved nutrients cause oxygen-depleting bacteria and plants to proliferate creating a hypoxic, or oxygen poor, environment that destroys marine life. In addition to eutrophication, ocean dumping can destroy entire habitats and ecosystems when excess sediment builds up and toxins are released.
Although ocean dumping is now managed to limited degree, toxins are still spread by ocean currents. Alternatives to ocean dumping include recycling, producing less wasteful products, saving energy, and changing the dangerous material into more benign waste.
Biscayne Bay Foundation, Inc. addresses the aforementioned issues via the provision of high-quality programs targeted towards the affected waterways and communities.